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Care and Maintenance of the Bonsai Tree

Most people think that taking care of the Bonsai Tree is hard which a misconception. Bonsai tree is planted in small containers, and hence only a few basic guidelines need to be followed when it comes to fertilizing, watering and repotting. When compared to the average indoor plant, the Bonsai trees are more delicate, but a few basic rules should be enough guide for anyone to take care of the tree properly.

Watering the Bonsai Tree
The most important practice of taking care of the Bonsai is watering. How often a tree must be watered on several factors such as the species of the tree, the size of the pot and tree, the time of the year and the soil mixture. These factors indicate that it is impossible to determine how often to water the Bonsai, but by understanding a few basic guidelines you can observe when it needs watering.

Only when the soil feels slightly dry should you water it. This means that you should not water the tree when the soil is still wet but when it feels slightly dry. Never have a habit of watering the plant. You should observe the trees individually, as compared to watering them on a daily routine until you are sure of what you are doing.
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Finally, use the right soil mixture. The rate at which trees should be watered is in a great way influenced by the soil mixture. It is good that you use soil mixture that is capable or retaining more water when you cannot water the trees regularly.
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Applying Fertilizer
Ensuring that you feed the Bonsai regularly during the growth season is crucial for its survival. Do not fertilize re-potted trees for about a month and also do not fertilize trees that are diseased.

Repotting the Bonsai Tree
To prevent a tree from being bound to the pot and ultimately starving to death, it is important that it is re-potted regularly. Repotting ensures that the Bonsai is supplied with new nutrients that it requires flourishing. The species of the tree and the size of the container determine how often the Bonsai needs to be re-potted. Trees that tend to grow faster are repotted after two years while those older and mature ones need to be repotted after every three or five years. Repotting shouldn’t be done on a routine but instead, one should check on the tress every early spring by carefully removing from the pot. Bonsai trees are repotted when the roots begin to circle the root system. If the roots are still intact in the soil, repotting is not necessary, and one should wait for another year to repot. Repotting of the Bonsai is most recommended during early spring when still in dormancy.